The full form of FIR is the First Information Report. It’s an official document prepared by the Police when they receive information about an offence.
FIR can also be considered as a complaint filed by the Victim or from the known on his/her behalf. During the preparation of FIR two copies of FIR are produced and the Officer on duty has to sign and share the copy with the victim or his family. If a victim or their family member lodges a complaint the FIR has to be issued as it is against the law to file an FIR.
• Description of the FIR
The FIR contains the following Information which Includes
– Unique FIR Number
Every FIR has a unique number mentioned on It which will help the state government of India to identify the case type and description.
– Name of the Victim or the Person speaking on behalf of the Victim
The FIR starts with naming the victim or naming the person who is lodging complaint since the statements of the victim/his behalf need to be recorded for the criminal proceedings and legal formalities.
It should be clearly mentioned over the FIR copy about the offence occurred with the victim since the charges against the offender are dependable on the offence done.
– Time and Location of Crime
It is mentioned in the FIR about the location and the time of criminal activity since it will be easy for the Inspection Authority to look at whereabouts and find clues around the location.
– Witness Statements
If there is any witness the statement of the Witness is also recorded since it’ll be easy for the authorities to track and match for the clues from the witness statements.
– Identification of Person’s name and Description
It is a vital role in an FIR to mention the name of the victim (If he/she is known) or to mention the description of the offender which is the first step to identification of the offender and penalise him/her for breaking laws.
Necessity of FIR
According to Section 154 of the Act of Criminal Procedure 1973, it is important to produce a First Information Report as the cops can only start an investigation after the FIR formalities are done. Also as per the law, only the Supreme Court of India and High Court has the authority to alter the FIR content and besides them once the complaint has lodged no changes can be made.
How to File an FIR?
There are only a few steps that need to be followed while filing an FIR report which includes
• When you reach a Police Station to file an FIR against the victim or on his behalf the officer onboard has to file the written complaint orally as mentioned by the victim or on his/her behalf
• If you are filing a complaint and once finished you have the right to listen to the FIR recorder by the officer on duty and verify that all the details are best of your knowledge.
• Once verified you need to sign the FIR as a confirmation that all the details mentioned are correct.
• For those who want to file an FIR but cannot read/write the left thumb impressions are captured as a proof of agreement for the report shared.
• After filing an FIR you can keep a copy for your records and no officer on board can deny that since it’s against the law and they have to give you an FIR copy free of cost.
We hope you have captured the full form and all the necessary details of FIR and if needed you know the procedure and your rights.