ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Chapter 10 Study of Components (Nitric Acid) Revision Notes

ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Chapter Study of Components (Nitric Acid) Revision Notes

 

Revision is very important for better conceptual understanding and securing good marks, and for Revision, Revision Notes are always considered the best. ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Chapter Study of Components (Nitric Acid) Revision Notes are one of the most important pieces of study material that students can receive, as it will aid them to study better and reduce the level of stress that students face during the hectic year

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Physical Properties of Nitric Acid

 

Colourless liquid (commercial nitric acid is yellowish-brown) with suffocating smell and acidic taste.

 

  • Fumes in air and is always placed in a stoppered bottle
  • Soluble in water in all proportions
  • Corrosive can cause blisters on the skin. Reacts with the protein on the skin to form xanthoproteic acid which stains the skin yellow
  • When oxides of nitrogen dissolve in rainwater, they come down to earth as acid rain

 

 

Uses of Nitric Acid

 

  • Nitric acid is widely used in the manufacture of dyes and drugs, as well as explosives such as trinitrotoluene, or TNT, nitroglycerine and picric acid
  • The salts of nitric acids, such as ammonium nitrate and calcium nitrate, are used as important fertilizers.
  • It is used in the purification of silver and gold.and as oxidizing and a nitrating reagent in the laboratory.
  • It finds major use in the pickling of stainless steel, etching of metals, and as an oxidizer in rocket fuels.
  • It is used as a chemical doping agent for organic semiconductors, and in purification processes for raw carbon nanotubes.
  • In a low concentration (approximately 10%), nitric acid is often used to artificially age pine and maple. The color produced is a grey-gold very much like very old wax or oil finished wood (wood finishing).

 

 

ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Chapter Study of Components (Nitric Acid) Revision Notes PDF

 

Study Of Components (Nitric Acid)