Class 8 English Grammar – Sentences

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SENTENCES

 

DEFINITION

  • A SET OF WORDS
  • COMPLETE IN MEANING
  • CONTAINS A SUBJECT AND PREDICATE
  • COULD CONVEY A STATEMENT, QUESTION, EXCLAMATION OR COMMAND

 

Example:

Varad reads a book.

Rihan drives a car to work.

 

 

TYPES OF SENTENCES

 

  1. DECLARATIVE SENTENCE
  • States a fact.
  • Ends with a period/full stop(.)
  • Makes a statement
  • Also known as “ASSERTIVE SENTENCE”

Example:

One who washes hands, stay safe.

The Earth revolves around the sun.

Walking is good for one’s health.

 

  1. IMPERATIVE SENTENCE
  • A command or polite request
  • Ends with an exclamation point (!) or with a period/full stop(.)

Example:

When there is red light, the vehicle must stop.

You are requested to sit down.

 

  1. INTERROGATORY SENTENCE
  • Asks a question
  • Ends with a question mark(?)

Example:

Who are you?

Where have you kept the keys?

 

  1. EXCLAMATORY SENTENCE
  • An exclamatory sentence conveys a strong emotion and ends with an exclamation mark (!).
  • An exclamatory sentence makes a statement (just like a declarative sentence), but it also conveys excitement or emotion.
  • Expresses excitement or emotion
  • Ends with an exclamation mark (!)

Example:

I can’t wait for the party!

I don’t know what I’ll do if I don’t pass this test!

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