Class 8 English Grammar – Nouns

Nouns -English-Grammar-Class-4
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Nouns

DEFINITION

A noun is the name of any person, place, action, quality, feeling, idea, or thing. It is where we start our language journey as we learn to name the things in our world.

THING – SHOE                                           HE WORE A SHOE

ANIMAL – CAT                                         THIS CAT BELONGS TO HIM

PLACE – DELHI                                         I VISITED DELHI RECENTLY

NAME – TANYA                                        TANYA IS MY BEST FRIEND

TYPES OF NOUNS

1. PROPER NOUNS

  • The Name of  a PARTICULAR Person, Place, Animal or thing.
  • Begins with a capital letter.
  • PERSON – William
  • PLACE – London
  • ANIMAL – Tommy
  • THING – Sony Tv

2. COMMON NOUNS

  • The Name of Any  PERSON, PLACE, ANIMAL OR THING.
  • Does not begin with a CAPITAL LETTER
  • Also known as general nouns
  • PERSON – boy
  • PLACE – city
  • ANIMAL – cat
  • THING – Tv

3. COLLECTIVE NOUNS

  • A collection or group of persons, places, animals or things.
  • The word “COLLECTIVE” itself represents the collective noun.
  • FLOCK OF BIRDS
  • A CRICKET TEAM
  • A FAMILY
  • A HERD

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List of Collective Nouns:

1.    A batch of cakes.

2. A brood of hens.
3. A litter of cubs.
4. A sloth of bears.
5. A pride of lions.

4. COUNTABLE NOUNS

Countable Nouns are the names of the things which we can count.  Eg-book, boy, sister,doctor

Countable nouns have singular and plural forms

Example:

  • A COW WAS ROAMING IN THE STREETS.
    (ONE COW)
  • AN APPLE WAS KEPT IN THE BASKET.
    (ONE APPLE)

5. UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

Uncountable Nouns are the names of the things which we cannot count. Eg- milk, oil, sugar.

Uncountable nouns are used with a singular verb. They usually do not have a plural form.

Example:

  • The happiness was unbelievable.
    (HAPPINESS CANNOT BE MEASURED)
  • THE MILK WAS SPREAD ALL OVER THE FLOOR.

6. MATERIAL NOUNS

Material Nouns refer to materials or substances from which things are made, such as, gold, silver, copper, wood.

Example:

  • This ring is made of gold and diamond.
  • The phone is made of plastic and metal.
  • The bat is made of wood from a tree.

7. ABSTRACT NOUN

  • An abstract noun names a quality or an idea.
  • A noun that refers to a thing that does not exist as a material object. (and has no physical substance that you can see or touch.

Example:

  • for example: honesty, sleep,sickness, poverty, laughter.
  • A brave soldier, a strong man, a beautiful flower.

8. CONCRETE NOUN

A concrete noun is a name for something which is tangible.This noun is called concrete noun because nouns in this class can be touched, seen, felt. It can be identified through one of the five senses.

Example:

  • This ring is made of gold and diamond.
  • The phone is made of plastic and metal.
  • The bat is made of wood from a tree.

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