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Class 7 English Grammar – Tenses (Continuous)

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Perfect Continuous Tense

 

  1. Perfect Continuous Tense

The Past Perfect Continuous is used for an action that began before a certain point in the past and continued up to that time; for example:

  • At that time, he had been writing a novel for two months.
  • When Mr. Mukerji came to the school in 1995, Mr. Anand had already been teaching there for five years.

The Present Perfect Continuous is used for an action which began at some time in the past and is still continuing; for example:

  • He has been sleeping for five hours. (implies that he is still sleeping)
  • They have been building the bridge for several months.
  • They have been playing since four o’clock

 

  1. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

The Future Perfect Continuous tense is used for actions which will be in progress over a period of time that will end in the future. For example:

  • By next March, we shall have been living here for four years.
  • I’ll have been teaching for twenty years next July.

 

 

TENSE

PAST PRESENT FUTURE
PERFECT HAD + BEEN + VERB + ING HAS/HAVE + BEEN + VERB + ING WILL/SHALL + HAVE + BEEN + VERB + ING
VERB = BE HAD BEEN HAS/HAVE BEEN WILL/WOULD HAVE BEEN
VERB = EAT HE HAD BEEN EATING MEAT ALL HIS LIFE BEFORE HE BECAME A VEGETARIAN.
  • HE HAS BEEN EATING CAKE SINCE LAST NIGHT’S PARTY.
  • THEY HAVE BEEN EATING HEALTHY EVER SINCE THEIR DOCTOR WARNED THEM ABOUT DIABETES IN THEIR GENES.
  • THEY WILL HAVE BEEN EATING ONLY VEGAN FOOD FOR THREE YEARS, THIS NOVEMBER.

 

 

VERB = BE

HAD BEEN HAS/HAVE BEEN WILL/WOULD HAVE BEEN
VERB = STUDY
  • HE HAD BEEN STUDYING HARD BEFORE HE WENT TO PLAY.
  • SHE HAS BEEN STUDYING AT THIS SCHOOL SINCE KINDERGARTEN.
  • I HAVE BEEN STUDYING SCIENCE SINCE MY SCHOOL DAYS.
  • HE/SHE/THEY/I WILL HAVE BEEN STUDYING IN THE SAME SCHOOL FOR THIRTEEN YEARS BEFORE WE GRADUATE.
 

VERB = BE

HAD BEEN HAS/HAVE BEEN WILL/WOULD HAVE BEEN
VERB = WRITE
  • HE HAD BEEN WRITING A LETTER TO HIS MOTHER.
  • SHE HAS BEEN WRITING LETTERS TO HER EXTENDED FAMILY SINCE SHE WAS FIVE YEARS OLD.
  • THEY HAVE BEEN WRITING ESSAYS IN THE CLASSROOM TO PRACTICE FOR THEIR EXAMS.
  • HE/SHE/I/THEY WILL HAVE  BEEN WRITING ARTICLES FOR THE DAILY NEWSPAPER FOR 10 YEARS, IN THE COMING MONTH.

 

 

  1. Non Action Verbs
  • Non- action verbs such as to be, to seem, or to know cannot use to the Future Perfect Continuous Tense.
  • Instead, these verbs take the Future Perfect Tense, which is formed with will + have + past participle.
 

INCORRECT

CORRECT
On Thursday, I will have been knowing you for a week. On Thursday, I will have known you for a week.
I will have been reading forty-five books by Christmas. I will have read forty-five books by Christmas.

 

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