Class 7 English Grammar – Reported Speech

English-Grammar-Reported-Speech-Swiflearn

REPORTED SPEECH

 

DEFINITION

  • When we are saying the same words spoken by a person.
  • “” (quotation marks) are used.

INDIRECT / REPORTED SPEECH

 

When we use indirect or reported speech, we are usually talking about the past (because obviously the person who spoke originally spoke in the past).

A speaker’s words reported in subordinate clauses governed by a reporting verb, with the required changes of person and tense (e.g. he said that he would go, based on “I will go”).

WHAT IS INDIRECT SPEECH?

Usually talking about the past (because the person who spoke originally spoke in the past).

 

CHANGE OF TENSE

 

1. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE   TO   SIMPLE PAST TENSE

 

  2. PRESENT CONTINUOUS  TO   PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE

TENSE

  3. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE  TO   PAST PERFECT TENSE

 

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EXAMPLES

 

CHANGE OF TENSE

DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE TO SIMPLE PAST TENSE  He said, “I am unwell”.   He said (that) he was unwell. 
PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE TO PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE  He said, “My mother is writing letters”.   He said (that) his mother was writing letters. 
PRESENT PERFECT TENSE TO PAST PERFECT TENSE  He said, “I have passed the examination”.   He said (that) he had passed the examination.