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Class 7 English Grammar – Active Passive Voice

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Active and Passive Voice

Definition of Active Voice:

A verb is said to be in the Active Voice when the verb shows that the Subject is doing some action; or, in other words, is the doer of the action.

Examples of Active Voice:

  1. Shyam is making Dinner.
  2. Sourabh is washing the utensils.
  3. Krishna is driving for his office.
  4. Pritam reads a lot of books on politics.

Definition of Passive Voice:

A Verb is in the Passive Voice when its form shows that something is being done to the person or thing denoted by the Subject.

Examples of Passive Voice:

  1. A soup is being made by Shyam.
  2. The utensils are being washed by Sourabh.
  3. The vehicle is being driven by Krishna to her office.
  4. The students of class 9 are taught by Sanmita.
  5. A lot of books on politics are read by Pritam.

Rules of conversion from active to passive voice and vice versa:

  1. Object (Transitive Verb) of the Active Sentence becomes the subject of a passive sentence

For example:

  1. The artist is making sketch
  • Object = “a sketch”
  • Therefore, sentence in the Passive Voice: “A sketch is being made by the artist”, i.e. “a sketch” becomes the

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  1. Changes in tense
  2. Simple present tense:

ACTIVE VOICE

PASSIVE VOICE

Subject + Verb First Form + Object Subject + Is/Am/Are/ + verb second form+ (by) Object
Example: Sunil does the Homework Example: The homework is done by Sunil

Examples (Simple present tense)

ACTIVE VOICE

PASSIVE VOICE

·        They sell Books. ·        Books are sold by them.
·        He cooks very delicious Biriyani. ·        Very delicious Biriyani is cooked by him.
·        She takes the same path everyday ·        Same path is taken by her everyday
  1. Present Continuous Tense

ACTIVE VOICE

PASSIVE VOICE

Subject + is/ am/ are + V1 +ing + Object Subject + is/am/are + being + V3 + (by) Object
Example: Sunil is doing the homework. Example: The Homework is being done by Sunil.

Examples (Present Continuous Tense)

ACTIVE VOICE

PASSIVE VOICE

·        She is cooking lots of meat. ·        Lots of meat is being cooked by her.
·        Ritambhara is writing a letter. ·        The letter is being written by Ritambhara.
  1. Present Prefect Tense:
ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE
Subject + has/have +V3 + Object Subject + has/have + been + V3 + (by) Object
Sunil has done the work           The homework has been done         by Sunil

Examples (Present Perfect Tense)

ACTIVE VOICE

PASSIVE VOICE

He has cooked a lots of Pulav. Lots of Pulav has been cooked by him.
Ritambhara has written a letter. The letter has been written by Ritambhara.

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