- SIMPLE PAST TENSE
- The Simple Past Tense is used to talk about a completed action in a time before now.
- The Simple Past Tense is the basic form of past tense in English.
- The time of the action can be in the recent past or the distant past and action duration is not important.
- The Simple Past is used to indicate an action completed in the past. It often occurs with adverbs or adverb phrases of past time.
Example: I received his letter a week ago.
- SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
- The Simple Present Tense is one of several forms of present tense in English.
- It is used to describe habits, unchanging situations, general truths, and fixed arrangements.
- The Simple Present Tense is formed by using the base form of the verb: (I take, you take, we take, they take). The 3rd person singular takes an -s at the end. (he takes, she takes)
Simple present tense is used in many ways:
(1) To express a habitual action
- He drinks tea every morning.
- I get up every day at five o’clock.
- My watch keeps good time.
(2) To express general truths.
- The sun rises in the east.
- Honey is sweet.
- Fortune favours the brave.
(3) In exclamatory sentences, beginning with here and there, simple present tense is used to express what is actually taking place in the present.
- Here comes the train !
- There she goes !
(4) To express a future event that is part of a fixed timetable or fixed programme.
- The next flight is at 7,00 tomorrow morning.
- The match starts at 9 o’clock.
- The train leaves at 5.20.
- When does the coffee shop reopen?
- SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE
The Simple Future Tense is used to talk about things which we cannot control or to predict what may happen. It expresses the future as fact.
I shall be thirty next Wednesday.
It will be Christmas in a week.
We will know our exam results by end of June.
|SIMPLE||VERB + D/ED
(SECOND FORM OF THE VERB)
|VERB + S/ES||WILL/SHALL + VERB|
|VERB = BE||WAS/WERE||IS/AM/ARE||WILL BE|
|VERB = EAT||ATE||EATS||WILL EAT|
|VERB = STUDY||STUDIED||STUDIES||WILL STUDY|
|VERB = WRITE||WROTE||WRITES||WILL WRITE|
VERB = BE