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Class 4 English Grammar – Continuous Tense

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Continuous Tense

DEFINITION

A tense of verbs which is used to describe the action  that is (happening in present), was (happen in the past), or will be (happen in the future) in progress at a certain time.

Eg- I am walking.

I was walking.

I Will be walking.

  1. Present continuous tense
  • The present continuous (also called present progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an ongoing action is happening now, either at the moment of speech or now in a larger sense.
  • We use the Present Continuous Tense in two situations:
  • When we talk about something we are currently doing
  • When we talk about something that we have planned to do in the near future.

Examples:

  • I am eating right now.
  • I am planning to buy a new pencil case.
  • I am going to Shimla tomorrow.
  • We are eating out tonight.
  • Abdul Rehman is arriving this evening.
  1. Past Continuous Tense
  • The past continuous tense, also known as the past progressive tense, refers to a continuing action or state that was happening at some point in the past.
  • The past continuous tense is formed by combining the past tense of to be (i.e., was/were) with the verb’s present participle (-ing word).
  • We use the Past Continuous Tense in two situations:
  • The Past Continuous is used to denote an action going on at some time in the past. The time of the action may or may not be indicated.
  • This tense is also used with always, continually, etc. for persistent habits in the past.

Examples:

  • We were watching TV all evening.
  • It was getting darker.
  • The light went out while I was reading.
  • When I saw him, he was playing chess.
  • He was always bullying other people.
  1. Future Continuous Tense
  • The future continuous tense, sometimes also referred to as the future progressive tense, is a verb tense that indicates that something will occur in the future and continue for an expected length of time.
  • It is formed using the construction will + be + the present participle (the root verb + -ing).
  • We use the Future Continuous Tense to talk about actions which will be in progress at a time in the future.

Example:

  • I suppose it will be raining when we start.
  • This time tomorrow, I will be sitting on the beach in Singapore.
  • Please don’t come at 5 o’clock as I will be watching the tennis match on TV.

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RULES OF SENTENCE FORMATION

TENSE

PAST PRESENT FUTURE
CONTINUOUS WAS/WERE + VERB + ING IS/ARE + VERB + ING WILL/SHALL + BE+ VERB + ING
VERB = BE WAS/WERE + ING IS/AM/ARE + ING WILL BE + ING
EXAMPLE:
  • She was feeling confident before her test.
  • They were standing near the water cooler.
  • She is reading.
  • I am reading.
  • We/They are reading.
  • They will be watching the movie at 9 pm.
  • She will be sleeping at 11 pm.
  • I will be going to the party tomorrow.

VERB = EAT

  • HE WAS EATING NOODLES.
  • THEY WERE EATING SAMOSAS.
  • SHE IS EATING AN ICE- CREAM.
  • I AM EATING A BURGER.
  • THEY ARE EATING SPINACH.
  • I WILL BE EATING LUNCH AT 1 p.m.

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