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Unit 8, A Short Monsoon Diary
- Why is the author not able to see Bijju?
Ans. The author is not able to see Bijju as the hills are all covered in the mist. Through the mist, the author can only hear him.
- What are the two ways in which the hills appear to change when the mist comes up?
Ans. There are two ways in which the hills appear to change when the mist comes up. The mist conceals the hills like blankets and the trees stop to ring with birdsong and the forests appear to be deathly still as though it were midnight.
- When does the monsoon season begin and when does it end? How do you prepare to face the monsoon?
Ans. In India, the monsoon season starts nearly from June and ends by August.
- Which hill-station does the author describe in this diary entry?
Ans. The hill-station that the author describes in this diary entry is Mussoorie.
- For how many days does it rain without stopping? What does the author do on these days?
Ans. It rains for about eight to nine days continually. During this time, the author roams around in his room and looks out of the window at a few bobbing umbrellas.
- Where do the snakes and rodents take shelter? Why?
Ans. Because of endless rain, snakes and rodents come out of their holes and burrows and take shelter in roofs, attics and godowns to protect themselves from rain.
- What did the author receive in the mail?
Ans. The author received a cheque in the mail.
Working with the text
- Look carefully at the diary entries for June 24-25, August 2 and March 23. Now write down the changes that happen as the rains progress from June to March.
Ans. According to the diary, the monsoon mist begins on June 24. The mist conceals the hills like blankets and the trees stop to ring with birdsong and the forests appear to be deathly still. On June 25, some genuine early monsoon rain begins to pour in. The plants
seem to know it too, and the first cobra lily rears its head from the ferns. Till August 2, it continues to rain without any storm or thunder, although giving unaccountable leaks to the tin roof. March 23 indicates the end of winter. The blackest cloud appears in Mussoorie and a rainbow starts forming.
- Why did the grandmother ask the children not to kill the Chuchundar?
Ans. The grandmother asked the children not to kill the Chuchundar because it was considered to be lucky and bring good money.
- What signs do we find in Nature which show that the monsoons are about to end?
Ans. During the late monsoon, flowers like wild balsam, dahlias, begonias and ground orchids begin to appear. The lush monsoon growth reaches its peak. The seeds of the cobra lily turn red which signifies that the rains are coming to an end.
- Complete the following sentences.
(i) Bijju is not seen but his voice is heard because the hills are all covered in the mist.
(ii) The writer describes the hill station and valley as “A paradise that might have been.”
(iii) The leopard was successful in attacking one of Bijju’s cows but had to flee when
Bijju’s mother approached screaming imprecations.
(iv) The minivets are easily noticed because of their bright colours.
(v) It looks like a fashion display on the slopes when ground orchids, mauve lady’s slipper and the white butterfly orchids appear.
(vi) During the monsoon season, snakes and rodents are found in roofs and attics because their holes have been flooded with water.
- ‘Although tin roofs are given to springing unaccountable leaks, there is a feeling of being untouched by, and yet in touch with, the rain.’
(i) Why has the writer used the word, ‘springing’?
Ans. The author has used the word ‘springing’ as it refers to sudden movement and tin roofs can cause sudden leaking.
(ii) How is the writer untouched by the rain?
Ans. The writer is untouched by the rain as he is safe in his room.
(iii) How is the writer in touch with the rain at the same time?
Ans. The writer is in touch with the rain at the same time as it has been drumming on the corrugated tin roof of his house.
- Mention a few things that can happen when there is endless rain for days together.
Note: This question has to be done by children.
- What is the significance of cobra lily in relation to the monsoon season, its beginning and end?
Ans. When the monsoon season starts to begin, the first cobra lily rears its head from the ferns. In contrast to this, when the seeds of the cobra lily start to turn red, it signifies that the monsoon is coming to an end.
Working with language
- Put the verbs in the brackets into their proper forms. The first one is done for you.
(i) We (get out) of the school bus. The bell (ring) and everyone (rush) to class.
We got out of the school bus. The bell was ringing and everyone was rushing to class.
(ii) The traffic (stop). Some people (sit) on the road and they (shout) slogans.
Ans. The traffic stopped. Some people were sitting on the road and they were shouting slogans.
(iii) I (wear) my raincoat. It (rain) and people (get) wet.
Ans. I wore my raincoat. It was raining and people were getting wet.
(iv) She (see) a film. She (narrate) it to her friends who (listen) carefully.
Ans. She saw a film. She was narrating it to her friends who were listening carefully,
(v) We (go) to the exhibition. Some people (buy) clothes while others (play) games.
Ans. We went to the exhibition. Some people were buying clothes while others were playing games.
(vi) The class (is) quiet. Some children (read) books and the rest (draw).
Ans. The class was quiet. Some children were reading books and the rest were drawing.
- Here are some words from the lesson which describe different kinds of sounds.
drum swish tinkle caw drip
(i) Match these words with their correct meanings.
(a) to fall in small drops – drip
(b) to make a sound by hitting a surface repeatedly – drum
(c) to move quickly through the air, making a soft sound – swish
(d) harsh sound made by birds – caw
(e) ringing sound (of a bell or breaking glass, etc.) – tinkle.
(ii) Now fill in the blanks using the correct form of the words given above.
(a) Ramesh drummed on his desk in impatience.
(b) Rain water dripped from the umbrella all over the carpet.
(c) The pony was swishing its tail.
(d) The tinkling of breaking glass woke me up.
(e) The cawing of the raven disturbed the child’s sleep.
- And sure enough, I received a cheque in the mail.
Complete each sentence below by using appropriate phrases from the ones given below.
sure enough colourful enough serious enough
kind enough big enough fair enough
brave enough foolish enough anxious enough
(i) I saw thick black clouds in the sky. And sure enough it soon started raining heavily.
(ii) The blue umbrella was big enough for the brother and sister.
(iii) The butterflies are colourful enough to get noticed.
(iv) The lady was brave enough to chase the leopard.
(v) The boy was anxious enough to call out to his sister.
(vi) The man was kind enough to offer help.
(vii) The victim’s injury was serious enough for him to get admitted in hospital.
(viii) That person was foolish enough to repeat the same mistake again.
(ix) He told me he was sorry and he would compensate for the loss. I said, ‘fair enough.’