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Unit 2, The Tsunami
Say whether the following are true or false.
- Ignesious lost his wife, two children, his father-in-law, and his brother-in-law in the tsunami. (True)
- Sanjeev made it to safety after the tsunami. (False)
- Meghna was saved by a relief helicopter. (False)
- Almas’s father realised that a tsunami was going to hit the island. (True)
- Her mother and aunts were washed away with the tree that they were holding on to. (True)
Answer the following in a phrase or sentence.
- Why did Tilly’s family come to Thailand?
Ans. Tilly’s family came from South-East England to celebrate Christmas at a beach resort in southern Thailand.
- What were the warning signs that both Tilly and her mother saw?
Ans. On 26 December 2004, Tilly’s family experienced a massive earthquake off northern Sumatra earlier that morning. Later, her mother noticed that the beach was getting smaller and smaller. Tilly also noticed that the sea slowly started to rise, and form whirlpools.
- Do you think Tilly’s mother was alarmed by them?
Ans. Tilly’s mother didn’t know what a tsunami was but when she saw her daughter Tilly so frightened, she realised that something serious was going on.
- Where had Tilly seen the sea behaving in the same strange fashion?
Ans. Tilly had seen the sea behaving in the same strange fashion in geography class in a video shown by her teacher, of a tsunami that had hit the Hawaiian islands in 1946.
- Where did the Smith family and the others on the beach go to escape from the tsunami?
Ans. The Smith family and the others on the beach took refuge on the third floor of the hotel to escape from the tsunami.The building endured the surge of three tsunami waves.
- How do you think her geography teacher felt when he heard about what Tilly had done in Phuket?
Ans. Tilly’s teacher must have felt so proud of her knowing that her lessons helped Tilly to save the lives of so many people at the beach.
Answer using a phrase or a sentence.
- In the tsunami 150,000 people died. How many animals died?
Ans. The giant waves in the Indian Ocean killed more than 150,000 people, but only a few animals were found dead.
- How many people and animals died in Yala National Park?
Ans. In Yala National Park, sixty visitors were washed away from the Patanangala beach inside the park, but no animal carcasses were found, except for two water buffaloes.
- What do people say about the elephants of Yala National Park?
Ans. People at Yala National Park observed three elephants running away from the Patanangala beach, about an hour before the tsunami hit.
- What did the dogs in Galle do?
Ans. On the day when the tsunami hit the coast, the two dogs in Galle refused to go for their daily run on the beach for which they were usually excited and most probably saved their owner’s life.
Working with the text
Discuss the following questions in class. Then write your own answers.
- When he felt the earthquake, do you think Ignesious immediately worried about a tsunami? Give reasons for your answer. Which sentence in the text tells you that the Ignesious family did not have any time to discuss and plan their course of action after the tsunami struck?
Answer: No, Ignesious was not immediately worried about a tsunami when he felt the earthquake. He carefully took his television set off its table and put it down on the ground so that it would not fall and break. The sentences that tell that the Ignesious family did not have any time to discuss and plan their course of action after the tsunami struck are, “then the family rushed out of the house. When the tremors stopped, they saw the sea rising.
In the chaos and confusion, two of his children caught hold of the hands of their mother’s father and mother’s brother, and rushed in the opposite direction.”
- Which words in the list below describe Sanjeev, in your opinion?
(Look up the dictionary for words that you are not sure of.)
cheerful ambitious brash brave careless
heroic selfless heartless humorous
Use words from the list to complete the three sentences below.
(i) I don’t know if Sanjeev was cheerful, ambitious or humorous .
(ii) I think that he was very brave, heroic and selfless.
(iii) Sanjeev was not heartless, brash or careless.
- How are Meghna and Almas’s stories similar?
Ans. Both Meghna and Almas’s stories sound similar as they both experienced the tsunami waves that swept away their families. These two were the only survivors in their respective families. Meghna spent two days floating in the sea, holding on to a wooden door and brought to the shore by a wave, and was found walking on the seashore in a daze. Almas too, climbed on to a wooden log and fainted. When she woke up, she was in a hospital in Kamorta. From there she was brought to Port Blair. Both the girls were traumatised after the incident.
- What are the different ways in which Tilly’s parents could have reacted to her behaviour? What would you have done if you were in their place?
Note: This question has to be answered by children.
- If Tilly’s award was to be shared, who do you think she should share it with — her parents or her geography teacher?
Ans. I think Tilly would have shared the award with her geography teacher because it was her teacher who made her understand what the tsunami was and due to which she was able to save the lives of so many people.
- What are the two different ideas about why so few animals were killed in the tsunami? Which idea do you find more believable?
Ans. The two different ideas about why so few animals were killed in the tsunami are as follows:
First, many people believe that animals possess a sixth sense and can know when the Earth’s surface will shake. Second, some experts believe that animals’ have a more acute hearing and it helps them to hear or feel the earth’s vibration. They can sense an approaching disaster long before humans realise what’s going on.
I find the second idea more believable.
Working with language
- Fill in the blanks in the sentences below (the verbs given in brackets will
give you a clue).
(i) The earth trembled, but not many people felt the trembling. (tremble)
(ii) When the zoo was flooded, there was a lot of confusion and many animals escaped into the countryside. (confuse)
(iii) We heard with relief that the lion had been recaptured. (relieve)
(iv) The zookeeper was stuck in a tree and his rescue was filmed by the TV crew. (rescue)
(v) There was much excitement in the village when the snake charmer came visiting. (excite)
- Say whether the following sentences are in the Active or the Passive voice.
Write A or P after each sentence as shown in the first sentence.
(i) Someone stole my bicycle. A
(ii) The tyres were deflated by the traffic police. P
(iii) I found it last night in a ditch near my house. A
(iv) It had been thrown there. P
(v) My father gave it to the mechanic. A
(vi) The mechanic repaired it for me. A