In the NCERT Solutions Class 6 Science, there are 15 chapters all of them are very important. Swiflearn offers the most correct NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Chapter 16 Garbage In, Garbage Out will make you understand its concepts & will help you in higher studies.
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NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 16 Garbage In, Garbage Out
1. (a) Which kind of garbage is not converted into compost by the red worms?
(b) Have you seen any other organism besides red worms, in your pit? If yes, try to find out their names. Draw pictures of these.
(a) Garbage which contains polythene bags, plastics, metals and glass do not rot. Such kind of garbage cannot be converted into compost by red worms.
(b) Yes, I have seen some earthworms and small insects in the pit. There may be some microbes also in the pit which help in decaying of garbage.
2. Discuss :
(a) Is garbage disposal the responsibility only of the government?
(b) Is it possible to reduce the problems relating to disposal of garbage?
(a) No, every citizen should take the responsibility of proper disposal of garbage along with the government.
(b) Yes, it is possible to reduce problems related to disposal of garbage. The following measures can be taken:
Avoid use of plastic bags
Reduce the use of paper
Use separate bind for biodegradables and non-biodegradable wastes
3. (a) What do you do with the leftover food at home?
(b) If you and your friends are given the choice of eating in a plastic plate or a banana leaf platter at a party, which one would you prefer and why?
(a) Leftover food is dumped into the compost pit. This way, the leftover food is converted into manure which can then be added into the soil increase the fertility of the soil.
(b) We would prefer to eat food in a banana leaf platter. This is because the banana lead platter is harmless and it can also be converted into compost. Using plastic plates to serve food is not good for health as plastic contains harmful chemicals. Plastic plates cannot be converted into compost and they also cause environmental pollution.
4. (a) Collect pieces of different kinds of paper. Find out which of these can be recycled.
(b) With the help of a lens look at the pieces of paper you collected for the above question. Do you see any difference in the material of recycled paper and a new sheet of paper?
(a) All types of paper can be recycled.
(b) Surface of the recycled paper appears a little rough whereas the surface e of new sheet of papers appears smooth.
5. (a)Collect different kinds of packaging material. What was the purpose for
which each one was used? Discuss in groups. (b) Give an example in which
packaging could have been reduced? (c) Write a story on how packaging
increases the amount of garbage.
(a) Plastic bags, thermo Cole sheets, foam sheets, paper bags, etc. are the various kinds of packaging materials collected. These packaging materials are used to protect the household articles, food items or other goods while transporting from one place to another.
(b) Packaging used for food-items, gifts, chocolates, toys, clothes, shoes, etc., can be reduced.
(c) Unnecessary packaging increases the amount of garbage. Generally, when a package is opened, the things packed inside it is used while the packaging material is thrown. People throw the packaging materials on the streets which causes pollution as some of these packaging materials cannot be disposed off easily. Sometimes, the packaging materials may reach the drains and clog
them. This gives rise to the problem of stagnant water. Thus, we can say that the packaging increases the amount of garbage.
6. Do you think it is better to use compost instead of chemical fertilisers? Why?
Yes, it is better to use compost instead of chemical fertilizers.
Compost is made of natural or organic things like plant and animal wastes. These materials do not cause any pollution. The chemical fertilisers on the other hand are prepared from harmful chemicals which cause soil and water pollution.