NCERT Solutions for Class 6 English Chapter 7 Fair Play
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NCERT Solutions for Class 6 English Chapter 7 Fair Play
Would you support your friend even if he/she does something wrong? Or you would talk to your friend about where things are taking a wrong turn? What if your friend is being unjust? What would you choose between friendship and justice? This chapter is a story of two friends Jumman Shaikh and Algu Chowdhry with a similar scenario.
Unit 7, Fair Play
WORKING WITH THE TEXT
A. Match the sentences under I with those under II.
- Jumman and Algu were the best of friends.
- Jumman’s aunt transferred her property to him.
- The aunt decided to appeal to the panchayat.
- Algu was unwilling to support the aunt.
- Jumman was very happy to hear Algu’s name as head Panch.
- He believed that his friend would never go against him.
- She wanted justice.
- In the absence of one, the other took care of his family.
- The condition was that he would be responsible for her welfare.
- The bond of friendship between him and Jumman was very strong.
|1. Jumman and Algu were the best of friends.||3. In the absence of one, the other took care of his family.|
|2. Jumman’s aunt transferred her property to him.||4. The condition was that he would be responsible for her welfare.|
|3. The aunt decided to appeal to the panchayat.||2. She wanted justice.|
|4. Algu was unwilling to support the aunt.||5. The bond of friendship between him and Jumman was very strong.|
|5. Jumman was very happy to hear Algu’s name as head Panch.||1. He believed that his friend would never go against him.|
B. Who says this to whom and why?
- “My wife knows best how to run the house.”
Ans. Jumman says this to his aunt. She knew that she was not wanted in that house and hence asked for monthly allowance to take care of her needs.
- “But is it right, my son, to keep mum and not say what you consider just and fair?”
Ans. Jumman’s aunt said this to Algu because he was reluctant to go against his friend.
- “What have you to say in your defence?”
Ans. Algu says this to Jumman so as to give him a chance to speak in his favour after Jumman’s aunt chooses Algu as Panch to take the right decision.
- “I can’t pay you a penny for the wretched beast you sold me.”
Ans. Samjhu Sahu says this to Algu because the bullock that Algu had sold to Sahu died within a month and it did not benefit them in any manner.
- “Victory to the panchayat. This is justice.”
Ans. Algu shouts this with joy at the end of panchayat after Jumman, being a Panch, takes a fair verdict because a Panch has neither a friend nor an enemy.
C. Answer the following questions.
- “Then the situation changed.” What is being referred to? (2)
Ans. Jumman’s aunt gave her property to Jumman on the understanding that she would stay with him and he would have to look after her needs. Things worked well for a few years but as the time passed, she was not treated well by the family. So, the situation of Jumman’s aunt is being referred to here.
- When Jumman’s aunt realised that she was not welcome in his house, what arrangement did she suggest? (3)
Ans. When Jumman’s aunt realised that she was not welcome in his house, she asked him to give her a monthly allowance so that she could take care of her needs.
- What was the villagers’ reaction when the aunt explained her case to them? (4)
Ans. When the aunt explained her case to the villagers, some of them sympathised with her, some laughed at her and some of them advised her to sort out things with her nephew and his wife.
- Why was Jumman happy over Algu’s nomination as head Panch? (6)
Ans. Jumman was happy over Algu’s nomination as head Panch because they both were really good friends and Jumman had this belief that his friend would never go against him.
- “God lives in the heart of the Panch.” the aunt said. What did she mean? (6)
Ans. When the aunt said that “God lives in the heart of the Panch”, she meant that one must understand his responsibility being in the position of a Panch keeping their friendships and all other relations aside. A Panch must be unbiased and fair like God.
- What was Algu’s verdict as head Panch? How did Jumman take it? (7, 8)
Ans. Algu’s verdict was in favour of the aunt. He asked Jumman to give a monthly allowance to his aunt. Jumman was really upset after the verdict and started seeing Algu as his enemy.
- Algu found himself in a tight spot. What was his problem? (9)
Ans. Algu found himself in a tight spot when he sold a bullock to Samjhu Sahu, a cart driver, on the condition that Sahu would pay the amount in a month’s time but a tragedy happened and the bullock died within a month. Due to this Sahu denied to pay Algu the due amount.
- Why was Algu upset over Jumman’s nomination as head Panch? (12, 13)
Ans. Algu was upset over Jumman’s nomination as head Panch because the bond of their friendship had already been broken in the past when Algu didn’t give verdict in his favour so, he thought that Jumman would take his revenge now.
- What was Jumman’s verdict as head Panch? How did Algu take it? (14, 15)
Ans. At first, Jumman thought if he should take revenge from Algu. But soon, he realised his responsibility as the Panch, and announced that Sahu should pay Algu the price of the bullock. Algu was happy with the decision and he shouted with joy, “Victory to the panchayat. This is justice. God lives in the voice of the Panch”.
- Which of the following sums up the story best?
(i) “I also know that you will not kill your conscience for the sake of friendship.”
(ii) “Let no one deviate from the path of justice and truth for friendship or enmity.”
(iii) “The voice of the Panch is the voice of God.”
Give a reason for your choice.
Ans. In my opinion, “Let no one deviate from the path of justice and truth for friendship or enmity” sums up the story best as both Algu and Jumman set an example that being in the position of a Panch is a responsible task, one must be unbiased and justice is above friendship.
WORKING WITH LANGUAGE
A. Replace the italicised portion of each sentence below with a suitable phrase from the box. Make necessary changes, wherever required.
look after swallow make it up keep mum go into
ease one’s conscience as ill luck would have it
a tight spot take chances my heart sank
- The best way to avoid an unnecessary argument is to remain silent.
Ans. The best way to avoid an unnecessary argument is to keep mum.
- Unfortunately, the train I was trying to catch was cancelled.
Ans. As ill luck would have it, the train I was trying to catch was cancelled.
- He has been told not to take risks while driving a car through a crowded street.
Ans. He has been told not to take chances while driving a car through a crowded street.
- The patient needs to be properly taken care of.
Ans. The patient needs to be properly looked after.
- Why don’t the two of you end your quarrel by shaking hands?
Ans. Why don’t the two of you make it up by shaking hands?
- I was in a difficult situation till my friends came to my rescue.
Ans. I was in a tight spot till my friends came to my rescue.
- When I saw a pile of dirty dishes, I felt very disappointed.
Ans. When I saw a pile of dirty dishes, my heart sank.
- I will examine the matter carefully before commenting on it.
Ans. I will go into the matter carefully before commenting on it.
- They criticised him in the meeting but he accepted without protest all the criticism.
Ans. They criticized him in the meeting but he swallowed all the criticism.
- It will free me from worry to know that I had done nothing wrong.
Ans. It will ease my conscience to know that I had done nothing wrong.
B. Look at the following phrases and their meanings. Use the phrases to fill in the blanks in the sentences given below.
set up — put in place or start
set aside — save or keep for a particular purpose
set down — write or record
set out — start on a journey
set in — begin and seem likely to continue
- Why don’t you set down your ideas on paper?
- A fund has been set up for the soldiers’ families.
- We should set aside a little money every month.
- You should buy some woollens before winter sets in .
- They set out on the last stage of their journey.
Your teacher will speak the words listed below. Write against each a word of opposite meaning.
Examples: liquid solid
- old new
- wet dry
- open close
- blunt sharp
- forget remember